The victim of human trafficking as offender: a combination with grave consequences.
Victims of human trafficking for labour are often exploited for years. But what happens if these victims are forced to exploit or abuse other individuals?
Download "Dettmeijer-Vermeulen, C. & Esser, L. (2017). The victim of human trafficking as offender: a combination with grave consequences. Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation. 77-93"
The article ‘The victim of human trafficking as offender: A combination with grave consequences’ examines the role of the non-punishment principle in cases where human trafficking victims also become the perpetrator. It does so by reviewing an exceptional case, in which an immigrant Indian housekeeper was ordered to abuse a baby that was part of the household she worked for. This abuse eventually lead to death of the child and the housekeeper was convicted for manslaughter. The criminal, immigration and labour law procedures involving this example are reflected upon in the article, shedding light on the different legal domains that victims of human trafficking can be confronted with.